Orthomolecular Medicine, an approach that uses diet and supplementation to address nutritional deficiencies that may cause mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder, autism, schizophrenia, anxiety and depression. The term “orthomolecular” was first used by double-Nobel laureate Linus Pauling in a 1968 paper he wrote in the journal “Science”. Orthomolecular medicine aims to restore the optimum environment of the body by correcting imbalances or deficiencies based on individual biochemistry, using substances natural to the body such as vitamins, minerals, amino acids, trace elements and fatty acids. The key idea in orthomolecular medicine is that genetic factors affect not only the physical characteristics of individuals, but also to their biochemical milieu. Biochemical pathways of the body have significant genetic variability and diseases such as atherosclerosis, cancer, schizophrenia or depression are associated with specific biochemical abnormalities which are causal or contributing factors of the illness. It is important to remember that “genes load the gun, but lifestyle pulls the trigger” or just because you may carry a gene for a condition, it may be your lifestyle that turns that gene on or off.